Human Resources Manager
Following fixed parameters of 2015 represents basic payroll accounting in Turkey. There might be other benefits and allowances applicable to the workers. Below calculations excludes daily food, family and children allowances and other exemptions. Please consult to your accountant for detailed information. The following information is for informational purposes only.
I- Gross Salary:
Gross Salary refers to amount of salary which is earned by employees according to Turkish Labor Law.
II- Net Salary:
It is the amount of salary actually received by the employees.
III- Employer’s Cost:
In addition to the gross salary, employer must pay the employer’s share of social security and unemployment insurance premiums.
IV-Social Security Premium and Unemployment Insurance:
Total social security premium is 37.5% (including unemployment insurance) of Earning Subject to Premium. 15% of total is deducted from the gross salary as employee’s allocation and 22.5% of Earning Subject to Premium is calculated additionally as the employer’s allocation. (Effective from 01/09/2013 Short term insurance branches premium rate is determined as 2% of earning subject to premium regardless of the gravity of the danger of the work.)
V- Income Tax:
Employee’s Wage Income is subject to income tax and employer is responsible to deduct, and pay to tax office on behalf of employee.
*106 000 TL limit is applicable only for the taxation of wage income. Please consider that, for other sources of income, 2015 taxation limit is 66 000 TL .
VI- Stamp Tax: (2015)
Stamp tax is based on the gross salary. The rate of tax is 0,00759
VII- Minimum Living Allowance (MLA)
Effective from January 1, 2008, a tax-free minimum living allowance is available for wage earners. Income tax payable is calculated by deducting MLA from the income tax.
Calculation is made on the basis of minimum wage regardless of the salary of employee. In calculation of the minimum living allowance, the marital status and the family composition of the employee is taken into account.
Calculation: 50% for the taxpayer, 10% for the spouse provided who is unemployed, 7.5% each for the first two dependent children, and 5% each for the following dependant children.
Calculation on the basis of Minimum Wage
VIII – Disablement Deduction
The employee who lost working capacity at minimum 80 % is regarded as 1st degree disabled, minimum 60 % is 2nd degree disabled, minimum 40 % is 3rd degree disabled worker. In calculating income tax, the following monthly deductions are applicable to the taxable income of the employees (2014).
MINIMUM WAGE CALCULATION – SINGLE EMPLOYEE WITH NO CHILDIREN*
( PERIOD BETWEEN 01.01.2015 – 30.06.2015)
TOTAL COST OF EMPLOYEE TO EMPLOYER
* Calculation is applicable to single employees with no children. Different Minimum Living Allowance amounts should be considered for other calculations.
*”For the private sector employers who employ insurance holders under item (a) of paragraph one of Article 4 of this Law, the amount corresponding to five points of employer share in the premiums of invalidity, old – age and survivors insurances pursuant to item (a) of paragraph one of this Article shall be covered by the Treasury.” SOCIAL INSURANCE AND UNIVERSAL HEALTH INSURANCE LAW (law no:5510 – Article 8-ı )